Citeline and Norstella Unite to Offer Life Sciences Clients a Full Suite of Commercial and Clinical Solutions

The new organization will help life sciences companies improve strategic decision-making and accelerate the mission of smoothing access to therapy from pipeline to patient

Yardley, PA, June 28, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Norstella, an organization that helps life sciences companies navigate the complexities of the drug life cycle, and Citeline (formerly Pharma Intelligence)—a leading provider of specialist intelligence, data and software for clinical trials, drug development and regulatory compliance—have announced an agreement to merge the companies.

By uniting Norstella, which is comprised of four prominent pharmaceutical solutions providers—EvaluateMMITPanalgo and The Dedham Group—with Citeline, the combined company will be well positioned to help life sciences companies reach patients faster by providing clients with the intelligence and answers they need from early clinical development through to commercialization. This move reflects the shared goal of becoming an end-to-end solution provider, helping patients access life-saving therapies.

As life sciences companies drive innovation toward more specialized therapeutics across all disease areas including oncology and rare disease, and patient populations become more targeted, they need to make critical decisions about how to bring the right drugs to market, how to construct clinical trials leveraging the latest innovations in real-world data and data science—and with end points that consider future payer reimbursement decisions—and, ultimately, how to reach patients in need.

“Accelerating innovation and ensuring that every patient gets the therapy that they need is our North Star,” said Norstella CEO Mike Gallup. “By bringing clinical and commercial intelligence together—along with real-world data—the combined company will be well positioned to deliver on its mission.”

Together, Norstella and Citeline will play a critical role in helping pharmaceutical manufacturers plan for and overcome barriers to access, not just during clinical trials but at every stage in the drug development life cycle. Citeline’s solutions, including its portfolio of clinical trial products, provide insights that improve the speed and efficiency of clinical trials and reduce risk. Now, the Citeline solutions—along with MMIT’s PAR data and other complementary Norstella data assets—can be powered by Panalgo’s Instant Health Data Analytics platform to provide transformative answers that will improve workflow and decision-making and, ultimately, help products get to market and to patients quicker than ever before.

“At Citeline, our mission is to accelerate the connection of treatments to patients and patients to treatments. Ultimately, this marriage of commercial and clinical capabilities will advance the mission and enable the pharmaceutical C-suite to manage portfolio strategy like never before,” said Ramsey Hashem, CEO, and Jay Nadler, Executive Chair, of Citeline. “This includes deciding which drug to bring to market, what new indications to pursue for a drug and how to target patients for clinical trials more quickly and with reduced cost. And now, this includes understanding how to design clinical trials that yield the types of data that payers need to make appropriate reimbursement and formulary decisions.”

“It’s about making a difference in the lives of patients,” said Gallup. “This move will help us make our vision of a more innovative, accessible healthcare marketplace a reality.”

The merger is expected to close in the second half of 2022 subject to customary closing conditions and regulatory approvals.

About Norstella
At Norstella, our mission is simple: to help patients gain access to life-saving therapies. Norstella consists of several prominent organizations—Evaluate, MMIT, Panalgo and The Dedham Group—that have united to offer a full range of pharmaceutical consultancy services and solutions. As one organization, Norstella provides life sciences clients with the right tools and expertise to navigate complexities at each step of the drug development life cycle, from pipeline to patient. For more information, visit Norstella and follow on LinkedIn.

About Citeline
Citeline (formerly Pharma Intelligence) powers a full suite of complementary business intelligence offerings to meet the evolving needs of health science professionals to accelerate the connection of treatments to patients and patients to treatments. These patient-focused solutions and services deliver and analyze data used to drive clinical, commercial, and regulatory related-decisions and create real-world opportunities for growth.

Our global teams of analysts, journalists and consultants keep their fingers on the pulse of the pharmaceutical, biomedical and medtech industries, covering it all with expert insights: key diseases, clinical trials, drug R&D and approvals, market forecasts and more. For more information on one of the world’s most trusted health science partners, visit Citeline.

Melody Udell

Blair Dawson

Seegene develops PCR test to detect monkeypox virus

  • Assay targets monkeypox virus and can deliver results in 90 minutes
  • Company swiftly rolls out product using its automated assay development system
  • “Seegene will strive to make accurate tests for emerging viruses to help prevent future pandemics”

SEOUL, South Korea, June 28, 2022 /PRNewswire/ — Seegene Inc. (KQ965390), South Korea’s leading molecular diagnostics (MDx) company has developed a PCR test to detect the monkeypox virus. The Novaplex™ MPXV Assay, which specifically targets the monkeypox virus, was swiftly developed using the company’s AI-based automated test development system, known as SGDDS (Seegene Digitalized Development System), and technologies refined over 20 years of MDx expertise.


The World Health Organization says the monkeypox virus is an “evolving health threat that requires collective attention and coordinated action,” calling on member states to step up surveillance, contact tracing and testing. The monkeypox virus has been detected in over 50 nations, with South Korea confirming its first case last week. The strain currently circulating in the Northern Hemisphere has an estimated fatality rate of between 3-6 percent and is considered especially dangerous for children and those with weak immune systems.

As with many infectious diseases, accurate diagnosis is crucial as treatments are more effective in the early stages of infection. This makes timely PCR testing vital, especially for individuals with a suspected case, as the incubation period for the monkeypox infection ranges between five to 21 days.

The Novaplex™ MPXV Assay can identify positive cases of the monkeypox virus in 90 minutes. The company swiftly developed the product to help curb the worldwide spread. Seegene plans to provide the assays to countries that have detected the virus.

“The monkeypox virus outbreak shows that endemic viruses can rapidly spread to the rest of the world and it’s a warning that new pandemics can emerge and threaten our lives at any time,” said Dr. Jong-Yoon Chun, CEO of Seegene. “We will continue our efforts to develop products that can accurately diagnose any virus to help prevent new infectious diseases from taking hold and becoming a pandemic.”

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Hitachi Energy and Petrofac to collaborate in growing offshore wind market

Collaboration combines complementary technologies and expertise of both companies to increase customer value and help accelerate the energy transition

Zurich, Switzerland, June 28, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Hitachi Energy a market and technology leader in transmission, distribution and grid automation solutions, and Petrofac, a leading international service provider to the energy industry, have entered into a collaboration to provide grid integration and associated infrastructure to support the rapidly growing offshore wind market.

This collaboration builds on the complementary core technologies and expertise of both companies in offshore wind to support the decarbonization of power systems and deliver clean energy. It covers high-voltage direct current (HVDC), as well as high-voltage alternating current (HVAC) solutions.

Hitachi Energy’s HVDC Light® and modular HVAC grid technologies and solutions and Petrofac’s world-class engineering, procurement, construction and installation capabilities for offshore platforms and offshore and onshore civil works, will bring considerable benefits to the efficient implementation of offshore wind projects and help accelerate the energy transition.

“We are delighted to collaborate with Petrofac to help meet the growing need for large-scale offshore wind generation and deliver clean renewable electricity to consumers. As leaders in our respective fields, this collaboration will create added value for our customers and help accelerate the energy transition,” said Niklas Persson, Managing Director of Hitachi Energy’s Grid Integration business. “Our HVDC and HVAC solutions are key enablers of the transition to a global energy system that is more sustainable, flexible and secure.”

“Offshore wind plays a crucial role in the transition to clean, affordable energy and we’ve been successfully delivering major projects in the sector for more than a decade now,” said Elie Lahoud, Chief Operating Officer, Engineering & Construction of Petrofac. “Hitachi Energy is well known for its long track record in providing innovative technologies and solutions across the power grid value chain. We look forward to bringing our industry-leading experience and deep domain knowledge together, to benefit our customers and power millions more homes using renewable energy.”

Recent Hitachi Energy HVDC offshore wind projects include Dogger Bank, the world’s largest offshore wind farm off the UK coast, and four of the DolWin and BorWin HVDC hubs that connect multiple wind farms in the North Sea to the German power grid.

Hitachi Energy is also a global leading supplier of grid connection solutions for the AC offshore wind farms industry.

Editor’s notes

Offshore wind is undergoing unprecedented growth globally. In 2021, a record 15.7 gigawatts (GW) of capacity were added, compared to around 5.2 GW per year in 2020 and 2019, according to World Forum Offshore Wind.1

Hitachi Energy pioneered HVDC almost 70 years ago and has delivered more than half of the world’s HVDC projects and more than 70 percent of the world’s voltage source converter (HVDC Light) installations. HVDC Light is the technology of choice for transferring power over long distances from offshore wind farms to the mainland grid. Its defining features include uniquely compact converter stations (which is extremely important in space-critical applications like offshore wind platforms), exceptionally low electrical losses of less than 1 percent, and black-start capability to restore power after a grid outage.


About Hitachi Energy Ltd.

Hitachi Energy is a global technology leader that is advancing a sustainable energy future for all. We serve customers in the utility, industry and infrastructure sectors with innovative solutions and services across the value chain. Together with customers and partners, we pioneer technologies and enable the digital transformation required to accelerate the energy transition towards a carbon-neutral future. We are advancing the world’s energy system to become more sustainable, flexible and secure whilst balancing social, environmental and economic value. Hitachi Energy has a proven track record and unparalleled installed base in more than 140 countries. Headquartered in Switzerland, we employ around 38,000 people in 90 countries and generate business volumes of approximately $10 billion USD.

About Hitachi, Ltd.

Hitachi drives Social Innovation Business, creating a sustainable society with data and technology. We will solve customers’ and society’s challenges with Lumada solutions leveraging IT, OT (Operational Technology) and products, under the business structure of Digital Systems & Services, Green Energy & Mobility, Connective Industries and Automotive Systems. Driven by green, digital, and innovation, we aim for growth through collaboration with our customers. The company’s consolidated revenues for fiscal year 2021 (ended March 31, 2022) totaled 10,264.6 billion yen ($84,136 million USD), with 853 consolidated subsidiaries and approximately 370,000 employees worldwide. For more information on Hitachi, please visit the company’s website at

Jocelyn Chang
Hitachi Energy Ltd.

Horn of Africa: Persistent Drought Increasing Food Insecurity (June 27, 2022)

Millions Face Threat of Famine

Acute food insecurity continues to rise in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia due to an exceptionally persistent and severe drought, increasing the risk of starvation in the region and the potential for famine in Somalia. Four consecutive below-average rainy seasons since late 2020 have made the current drought the most extensive since 1981. The October–December 2022 forecasts anticipate another below-average rainy season. The drought has impacted farmer and pastoralist livelihoods and led to lower food production and millions of livestock deaths. More than 18 million people are food insecure (Integrated Food Security Phase Classification System [IPC] Phase 3, 4, or 5) due to drought and more than 7 million children face acute malnutrition.

Source: US Department of State – Humanitarian Information Unit

Geneva Palais briefing note on the launch of UNICEF’s report ’25 years of children and armed conflict: Taking action to protect children in war’

“Today UNICEF is launching an important new report ’25 years of children and armed conflict: Taking action to protect children in war’. This report coincides with the 25^th^ year of the mandate of the SRSG on Children and Armed Conflict.

“Our report analyses sixteen years of data on grave rights violations committed against children in conflict situations, from 2005 to 2020, to show the impact of armed conflict on children across the world and over time. To give just some sense of the magnitude of the problem: in one decade alone – from 2010 to 2020, there was an increase of 185% of verified grave rights violations committed against children in conflict situations.

“The report examines how information on the documented patterns of grave violations is being used to respond to children’s needs. It examines how engagement with parties to conflict — State and non-State actors alike — enables ending and preventing child rights grave violations.

“Our analysis shows that despite decades of advocacy with parties to conflict and those who influence them —as well as enhanced monitoring, reporting and response mechanisms for grave rights violations—children continue to bear the brunt of war. Every day, girls and boys living in areas under conflict endure unspeakable horrors that no one should ever experience.

“I would like to share with you some key findings from the report:

“Between 2005 and 2020, the United Nations verified over a quarter of a million grave violations against children committed by parties to conflict in more than 30 conflict situations across Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and Latin America. This is a staggering average of 71 verified grave violations against children every day.

“This includes more than 104,000 children verified as killed or maimed; more than 93,000 children verified as recruited and used by parties to conflict; and at least 25,700 children verified as abducted by parties to conflict.

“In addition, parties to conflict have raped, forcibly married, sexually exploited, and committed other grave forms of sexual violence against at least 14,200 children. And the UN has verified almost 14,000 incidents of attacks against schools and hospitals.

“I must emphasize, these figures are a fraction of the violations believed to have occurred, as access and security constraints hamper the reporting, documentation and verification of grave violations.

“What’s more, it’s important to underline the annual number of verified violations has gradually increased since 2005, surpassing 20,000 in a year for the first time in 2014 and reaching 26,425 in 2020.

“Between 2016 and 2020, 82 per cent of all verified child casualties occurred in only five situations: Afghanistan, Israel and the State of Palestine, Syria, Yemen, and Somalia.

“It is also important to note that many children experience more than one violation, increasing their vulnerability. For example, abduction is often combined with or leads to other violations, like recruitment and use and sexual violence.

“As part of the report’s recommendations, UNICEF continues to call on parties to conflict listed in the Secretary-General’s annual report on children and armed conflict to engage with the United Nations to develop and implement Action Plans that establish sustainable and concrete measures to protect children from violations and their impact. These Action Plans can play a critical role in bringing about positive change for children.

“In addition to calling on parties to conflict, and states, to abide by their obligations under international human rights and humanitarian law, the report includes recommendations on providing care and response services for children, data collection and aggregation, and monitoring.

“UNICEF staff, in collaboration with other UN and partner organizations, judiciously collect and verify information on grave violations so that we can better understand and respond to the needs of children and surviving families. We also engage those responsible for violations, with the concrete goal of preventing and putting a stop to further violations.

“These efforts have achieved concrete results for children. For example, since the year 2000, at least 170,000 children have been released from armed forces and groups, many having survived multiple violations — including abduction or sexual violence.

“There are many children who still need our help. That is why we must continue to collect these stories, even amidst dangerous circumstances. And that is why we must also continue speaking up and speaking out, especially when children, families or witnesses are unable to do so. 

“Thank you.”

Source: UN Children’s Fund

G7 Statement on Global Food Security, Elmau, 28 June 2022

We, the Leaders of the G7, will spare no effort to increase global food and nutrition security and to protect the most vulnerable, whom the food crisis threatens to hit the hardest.

I. The Challenge

We note with grave concern that in 2022, according to the UN Global Crisis Response Group on Food, Energy and Finance (UN GCRG), up to 323 million people globally will become acutely food insecure or are at high risk, marking a new record high. Multiple intertwined crises, including conflicts, the COVID-19-pandemic, the loss of biodiversity, climate change and ongoing global economic uncertainty around the globe result in this existential challenge. Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine, including its blocking of export routes for Ukraine´s grain, is dramatically aggravating the hunger crisis; it has triggered disruptions of agricultural production, supply chains and trade that have driven world food and fertiliser prices to unprecedented levels for which Russia bears enormous responsibility. In our pursuit to ensure that all people can realise their right to adequate food, we reaffirm our goal to lift 500 million people out of hunger and malnutrition by 2030, as resolved in the 2015 G7 Elmau commitment.

II. Our Response: Global Alliance for Food Security

We are convinced that this multidimensional crisis can only be solved through a joint global effort. Therefore, and in strong support of the UN GCRG, we are building the Global Alliance for Food Security jointly with the World Bank as a coordinated and solidarity response to the challenges ahead. We will cooperate closely with international partners beyond the G7 with the aim of transforming political commitments into concrete actions, as planned by various initiatives such as the Team Europe’s response to global food insecurity and the Food and Agriculture Resilience Mission (FARM), the Roadmap for Global Food Security – Call to Action, and key regional outreach initiatives, including towards African countries and with the Mediterranean Ministerial Dialogue on the Food Security Crisis as well as the Uniting for Global Food Security Ministerial Conference. We urge our partners, including the private sector, to join us in our efforts to increase solidarity towards the most vulnerable.

III. Our Actions

In our commitment to the Global Alliance for Food Security:

1. We commit to an additional USD 4.5 billion to protect the most vulnerable from hunger and malnutrition, amounting to a total of over USD 14 billion as our joint commitment to global food security this year.

2. We reiterate our urgent call upon Russia to, without condition, end its blockade of Ukrainian Black Sea ports, destruction of key port and transport infrastructure, grain silos and terminals, illegal appropriation by Russia of agricultural commodities and equipment in Ukraine and all other activities that further impede Ukrainian food production and exports. These can only be assessed as a geopolitically motivated attack on global food security. We will step up our efforts to help Ukraine to keep producing agricultural products in view of the next harvest season and commit to supporting Ukrainian farmers in gaining access to essential agricultural inputs and veterinary medicines. We are strongly supporting Ukraine in resuming its agricultural exports to world markets, as well as UN efforts to unlock a safe maritime corridor through the Black Sea. Additionally, we will step up our efforts to establish alternative routes building on the already implemented EU “Solidarity Lanes” initiative. Working with relevant agencies and partners we will collaborate to identify the provenance of grain imports, with the aim of identifying illegally seized Ukrainian products and deterring Russia from continuing its illegal seizures. We further call on Russia to lift its measures that hinder the export of Russian grain and fertilisers.

3. We will continue to ensure that our sanctions packages are not targeting food and allow for the free flow of agricultural products, including from Russia, and the delivery of humanitarian assistance.

4. We commit to sustainably increase the availability of agricultural products including through strengthening agricultural productivity particularly in the most affected countries to build their resilience and support domestic production. We will strive to address fertiliser shortages by supporting more efficient and targeted usage, temporarily increasing local and global production as appropriate, and promoting alternatives to inorganic fertiliser. As a short-term relief, we call on those partners with large food stockpiles as well as on the private sector to make food available without distorting the markets, including by supporting the World Food Programme´s purchase strategy. We call on all countries to avoid excessive stockpiling of food which can lead to further price increases. We will continue to address food loss and waste and the promotion of balanced and healthy diets. We support the initiative carried out by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), in coordination with the African Union (AU), to design a strategic investment plan to accelerate development of value chains essential for Africa’s food resilience.

5. We stand by our commitment to keep our food and agricultural markets open and call on all partners to avoid unjustified restrictive trade measures that increase market volatility and thus the risk of food insecurity. We welcome the Ministerial Declaration on the emergency response to food insecurity adopted at the 12th Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), and fully support its decision to exempt non-commercial humanitarian purchases of foodstuffs by the World Food Programme (WFP) from export prohibitions or restrictions. We commit to strengthen our support to the G20 Agricultural Market Information System (AMIS), including by providing additional financial resources as well as timely data and transparent information and ask all AMIS members to do so, too. We encourage AMIS to also monitor input markets more closely. We will fight against any speculative behaviour that endangers food security or access to nutritious food for vulnerable countries or populations.

6. We will ensure that our response to the current challenges also strengthens the longterm resilience and sustainability of agriculture and food systems, in alignment with the Sustainable Development Goals, the Paris Agreement and Glasgow Pact, the Convention to Combat Desertification and the Convention on Biological Diversity, including via increasing our support to smallholder farmers. In this context, we support the crucial work of all relevant multilateral organisations, including the Rome-based agencies WFP, Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and IFAD as well as the Committee on World Food Security (CFS), the WTO and international financial institutions. We welcome the planned actions for global food crisis response announced by the World Bank Group as well as the International Financial Insitution Action Plan to Address Food Insecurity. We commit to continued engagement with and support for the UN Food Systems Summit’s objectives, and encourage all partners to support or join the Zero Hunger Coalition. We support country- and region-led plans and solutions to address food insecurity, building on the work of the AU’s 2022 Year of Nutrition. We also commit to scaling up essential nutrition services in countries with the highest burden of malnutrition.

7. We invite all partners – including governments, international organisations, global and regional initiatives, research institutions, civil society, the private sector and philanthropy – to unite with us in our endeavour to ensure global food security and to support the Global Alliance for Food Security.

Source: European Union

Lesotho: World Bank Approves a $26.5 Million Loan to Strengthen the Livelihoods of the Most Vulnerable

WASHINGTON, June 24, 2022 — The World Bank Group approved a $26.5 million loan for the Government of the Kingdom of Lesotho to improve the efficiency and equity of selected social assistance programs and to strengthen the livelihoods of poor and vulnerable households in selected communities. The Pathways to Sustainable Livelihoods Project (PSLP) will support poor and vulnerable housholds to engage in productive economic activities, as well as work with the Ministry of Social Development to strengthen their social protection systems and support digitalization.

The Government of the Kingdom of Lesotho recognizes the importance of social protection and has made substantial investments in developing social protection programs, and their accompanying delivery systems, as part of the government’s commitment to protecting vulnerable groups. Over the last 20 years, Lesotho has sought to develop and scale up a lifecycle approach to social protection programming.

However, despite the fact that Lesotho spends the most among African countries—and twice that of its neighbors—on social protection (6.4% as a share of GDP), equity remains an issue with little of that expenditure going toward programs that target the poorest. The project will therefore enhance human development outcomes and increase equity of the social assistance system, as well as improve household resilience to shocks and climate change, in line with the newly adopted social development approach which introduces measures to link beneficiaries of its social assistance programs to sustainable livelihood opportunities.

“This project supports the government’s efforts to address the unexpected shocks that have been brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic, and now the rise in global food and fuel prices as a result of the Russia-Ukraine crisis. Now, more than ever, it will be important to continue building an efficient, equitable and shock-responsive system,” said Marie Francoise Marie-Nelly, World Bank Country Director for Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Namibia and South Africa. “Safety nets in Lesotho remain the main vehicle available to channel resource to the poor and vulnerable during crises, and as such, should be maintained and regularly funded.”

The project will support the Government of Lesotho to address the goals outlined in their National Social Protection Strategy II (NSPS II, 2021-2031) which has a strong focus on the efficiency and responsiveness of social protection. The primary goal of the strategy is to make programs more targeted and better coordinated, which will in turn help reduce poverty and food insecurity as well as promote sustainable livelihoods. The project is aligned with the NSPS’s three priorities of developing preventive social protection programs which include measures to avert poverty and food insecurity; to promote pathways for social assistance beneficiaries into sustainable livelihoods; and to provide transformative social protection measures targeted at addressing inequality.

Source: World Bank

World Bank Approves $180 Million to Step-Up Support for Refugees and Host Communities in Ethiopia

WASHINGTON, June 27, 2022 — The World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors approved the second phase of the Development Response to Displacement Impacts Project in the Horn of Africa (DRDIP II) for $180 million in International Development Association (IDA*) financing to help Ethiopia improve access to basic social and economic services, expand livelihood opportunities, and enhance environmental management for refugees and their host communities.

Approximately 2.5 million people in Ethiopia, of whom one-third are refugees and at least 50% are women, will benefit from the new financing to DRDIP. This ongoing project has already assisted over 5 million people in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Uganda since 2016.

DRDIP II will expand the geographic scope of the project to cover all communities in Ethiopia affected by refugees’ presence and to deepen support for the implementation of the government’s refugee inclusion policies. Refugees are included as direct beneficiaries of this new phase, and their concerns will be better integrated into local development planning with a special focus on women’s economic and social empowerment. The government has also agreed to third-party implementation and monitoring in areas at high risk of ongoing conflict to ensure that needs in all refugee-hosting areas in the country are met.

“DRDIP II activities will complement humanitarian support for refugees and host communities,” said Boutheina Guermazi, World Bank Director of Regional Integration for Africa, the Middle East and North Africa. “This will help the ongoing transformation of the government’s refugee response approach from a short-term humanitarian model into a more sustainable and long-term development approach.”

Ethiopia has long been a generous host to refugees and its policy response to forced displacement has been progressive. It is the third largest refugee hosting country in Africa and the ninth largest worldwide. Most refugees in Ethiopia originate from South Sudan, Somalia, and Eritrea, and face protracted displacement due to regional instability. They reside in camps, which are generally located on the periphery of the country.

DRDIP II’s activities respond to the impacts of the refugee presence by upgrading and constructing public infrastructure such as schools, health centers, water systems, roads, and markets for better services and to address the strain that refugee inflows can place on service provision. Activities to mitigate environmental degradation are also included. To leverage the opportunities presented by refugee inflows, livelihood activities support income-generation for host communities and refugees to become self-reliant and reduce dependence on humanitarian aid.

*The World Bank’s International Development Association (IDA), established in 1960, helps the world’s poorest countries by providing grants and low to zero-interest loans for projects and programs that boost economic growth, reduce poverty, and improve poor people’s lives. IDA is one of the largest sources of assistance for the world’s 74 poorest countries, 39 of which are in Africa. Resources from IDA bring positive change to the 1.3 billion people who live in IDA countries. Since 1960, IDA has provided $458 billion to 114 countries. Annual commitments have averaged about $29 billion over the last three years (FY19-FY21), with about 70 percent going to Africa.

Source: World Bank