Seeking peace requires entrepreneurial foreign policy

Message from Foreign Affairs Minister from Turkey, H. E. Mevlut Cavusoglu, to mark the upcoming celebration of two international conferences in Istanbul. The entire contents are published below.

This week Istanbul will hold two separate but related international conferences. One will be dedicated to the situation on the map of conflicts, and the capability for mediation between members of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). The second will adopt a broad scope and analyse the connections between sustainable development, peace and mediation; the ways to address gender and the inclusion of young people in the mediation process; and a way of thinking that causes tension on the role of the huge volume of data and artificial intelligence in the analysis of conflicts and mediation. It may be thought that conferences are conferences, but the Istanbul Mediation Conferences have been shown to be quite influential in the cultivation of a common understanding of problems and a programme of action in the area of mediation and the peaceful resolution of conflicts.

The crux of the question it that humanity is facing a fresh challenge in the 21st century. Just when many thought the glass was half full, in terms of the achievements of international law, institutions, democracy and the rule of law, the submission of accounts, free trade, gender equality and other matters, the empty half of the glass has begun to reassert itself. The symptoms are well-known to us all, and do not need to be restated: trade wars, new forms of international exploitation, geopolitical competition, huge wars of power, the power of disintegration of nation States, terrorism, xenophobia, animosity against Islam, raging inequality, and the tally of injustice among the contemporary tendencies making up the glass half empty. The challenges for humanity are eating the achievements and opportunities for humanity. Which side will prevail? The answer depends on how to respond to challenges, including the number of humans who can work together to achieve positive results. One point is clear: if we do not take the initiative, as entrepreneurs and humanitarians, then evil will prevail To wait and observe attitudes is no longer sustainable. Political options defer mediation in favour of the real use of force against terrorists.

For example, the situation in Syria. The business and humanitarian focus in Turkey was played out over a total of 4,000 km� against two terrorist organisations: DEASH PKK / PYD / YPG. If we had not intervened, our people would have been under continuous attack from these terrorists, and a political solution to the Syrian tragedy would have been unattainable. Turkey is doing everything possible to alleviate human suffering, and houses the greatest number of refugees of any country in the world, spending more than the largest economy in the world. In addition Turkey is a broker of agreements which permit tens or hundreds of thousands of lives to be saved, and promote a political solution based on the territorial integrity of our Syrian neighbour.

I give the example of Syria for one reason. Syria shows us once again that prevention is important, because once the fire of conflict engulfs a nation, then what remains is predictable; there will be unpredictable consequences in that state. A generation of citizens are wasted in one way or another: the future will also be bleak. The entire world, including those thousands of kilometres away, will suffer, whether from the terrorist threat, economic impact, irregular migration, or a damaged human conscience.

If the prevention and peaceful resolution of conflicts are of paramount importance, then we have to take them seriously. This viewpoint is boosting the efforts of Turkey in the field of mediation, as co-president of the UN, the OSCE and the OIC, friends of the mediation groups and host of a programme of training in mediation, the creation of capacities, and the two mediation conferences we are organising in Istanbul this week.

Source: Equatorial Guinea Press and Information Office

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